Life of the ponds and fish in the winter
All anglers very important to know about the life of reservoirs and their inhabitants in the winter. Winter climate radically changes the habits of the fish and affects all physico-chemical processes occurring in reservoirs. So, I’ll talk to Oyu this in more detail.
The first very cold snap affect the processes occurring in the water. When lowering the temperature to +4 With all vegetation and living beings change their way of life. Plankton freezes on the bottom of the reservoir down the algae, the fish leaves the place of their summer encampments, and goes deeper into the water.
What’s going on under the ice surface?
At the first freeze, if there’s no wind on the upper surface there is an ice crust. With the increase of the frost it’s getting bigger. This decreases the amount of entering oxygen. His stocks too much is spent on decomposition processes occurring in the water. Rotting fallen leaves, branches, the remaining plants and protozoa. Oxygen is consumed, and no reserves are replenished, since the pond is covered with ice. In such water becomes very difficult to breathe, fish and other inhabitants, they begin to suffocate.
If the water flowing, the fish swims in the river. She usually accumulate near the mouths of rivers flowing into the lake, and rises to the ice in search of air.
Standing in the pond killed a lot of inhabitants due to the lack of oxygen. This phenomenon has acquired the name “Zamora”.
Ponds,in which specially bred fish, protect from oxygen starvation through ice-holes through them and fed the air into the water. If freezing is very strong, and it will not save, the owners will suffer enormous damage. Only in running, clean the reservoir of the lack of oxygen can not be afraid.
How the fish in the winter?
A great influence on the behavior of the fish has a strong temperature decrease and changes in the amount of oxygen in the water. All processes in the body are slowed down. Reduces the need for food, since the digestion process becomes long. Some fish hibernate, while others are very sluggish (for example: catfish, carp, carp). During freezing temperatures, they spend a long time in the same locality, and practically eat. They’re almost impossible to catch, as bait to take they do not really want. Throughout the winter only burbot leads an active life.
If I fish to make a jig, or by means of float fishing rods, catching perch, Chub and IDE is transferred by a slight movement of the float, or a small decrease in fishing line. Even pike, catching bait, for a very long time does not move, as if trying to gain strength for its ingestion.
Where better to fish in the winter?
When you decrease the air and water temperatures, the fish flocks located in the winter Parking lots where there are the most favorable conditions for their activity (temperature, food availability and oxygen).
Perches, which are very active in summer, in winter are more calm. Not so much resist when removing from the water. You can catch them at the bottom of the pits, and sand shoals.
Roach is mainly located in deep areas of the reservoir with a small current. It is normally around the riverbed. Only in the thaw out on small places.
Dace as well as roach and Chub, it is best to fish at the mouth of streams and small rivers. In late winter it can be caught on a jig, and in very small areas.
Bream is deep, with a pebbly or smooth sandy bottom. In this case, the current should not be large.
Chub usually good fishing at last ice, closer to Martha. It can be found on a rocky bottom about last year’s flooded bushes near the islets and sand spits.
IDE it is better to catch in holes estuaries, near coasts with cliffs, in ponds, in the shallow water among the old vegetation. It is usually stagnant in a fast stream.
They need to know the angler, winter fishing was successful.
For good fishing it is necessary to know the information about the reservoir, and the Parking lots of the fish in winter. Biting winter, the best hours are considered early in the morning and evening. Biting is revived and throughout the day, but just for a short time (up to two hours).
The first couple weeks after ice formation, and three weeks before the ice melts, the fish caught all day. Then the catch becomes smaller and smaller. It should be noted that in January and early February, there is practically no bite. Closer to spring it is gradually increasing.
We must not forget the bait, because very often it depends on the number of fish caught.
Has a negative effect on the bite of sharp change of weather conditions (snowstorm, strong wind, rain, snow, fast ice). Conversely, a quiet, good, Sunny weather accompanied by a great catch.
Once the melting ice, freshwater slowly begins to “boil” life. More water starts to be filled with oxygen, the fish become active and the bite increases.
It should be noted that the ice on the river melts sooner than on the lake, because of the rapid flow of water. Going fishing early spring day, we must not forget about the dangers that await you in ice-covered this time of year.