Som is a well – known food fish, which predator. Fish can have different sizes, the largest catfish reach a weight of 300 kg and five meters in length.
History and geography of the product
Catfish inhabits a variety of waters all over the world. The main habitat of this fish is the rivers and lakes of Europe. To the East where there are catfish, confined to the Rhine, to the North – South border of Finland. South of Europe catfish lives everywhere, it occurs in Asia Minor, in the waters of the inland seas – the Aral and the Caspian. All the rivers that flow into them, is also rich in this fish. Catfish can be found also in Africa and America.
Catfish are not indigenous to Siberia, because it’s too cold. Also, if we talk about the European part of Eurasia, it is possible to note the absence of this fish in Italy, France, England and West Germany.
Som is an important target species, but not always. Our ancestors didn’t hunt catfish and even at random its production did not use the fish as food. The fact that som was considered a fish that is water. In folk tales it is som brought water people drowned, tore nets, broke through dams and created all sorts of minor and major mischief to the human race. Still preserved the old name soma, he was called a fucking horse . Continue reading
The Sevastopol marine Aquarium-Museum is one of the oldest public aquariums in Europe, justly ranks among the most popular attractions of Crimea. Created during the times of the Russian Empire (1897), became the first Museum of its kind in the state. The Aquarium is based at the Sevastopol biological station (SBS) is the oldest in Russia and one of the 5 most “adults” in the world. Under one roof, the Museum staff has gathered an impressive collection of marine, oceanic, riverine, terrestrial flora and fauna from all corners of the Earth.
Location: Sevastopol, Nakhimov Prospekt, 2
When built: 1897
Opening hours: summer (mid July – end August) from 9 to 19 hours without breaks and days off, winter (November – March) – 10-17 h. closed on Monday, the offseason is 10-18 hours during school holidays the Museum welcomes guests without weekend
Ticket price: adult – 400 p kids – pension 200 p – 200 p. children under 6 years – free admission
The creation of the Museum in the Crimea
The idea of establishing a large-scale aquarium filed the first SBS Director – academician A. O. Kovalevsky. For the construction of the station selected the picturesque coast of the Sevastopol Bay, the site of the former Nikolaev battery. In the SBS building for the Museum was equipped with only one room-the family SALs wall aquariums, and Central swimming pool, where he exhibited the ichthyofauna of the Black sea. Wish could go 3 days a week to visit the aquarium. Scientists of the station held meetings, gave lectures to tourists. Continue reading
The record can be considered several kinds. The biggest freshwater fish is the Beluga ( Huso huso ), bone-cartilaginous fish of the family Acipenseridae. Its length reaches 4-5 m, weight is 1 400 kg.
Pike reaches enormous size and great age. Budovou pike can be found everywhere. We have the most big pike are found in Northern rivers and lakes, probably because of their less availability in comparison with southern.
The biggest pike ever caught – it’s historic pike Emperor Frederick II Barbarossa, commissioned them, as recorded on the ring, in 1230 in one lake near Heilbronn and pulled a Seine in 1497, i.e. through 267 years. With age the fish is completely white. Its size was 19 feet, i.e. over 8 yards long, and it weighed 8 pounds. 30 pounds. The portrait of this pike still in the castle of Lautern, and the skeleton of the ring is in Mannheim.
In the XIX century in Russia was caught ordinary, or European catfish (Silurus glanis) with a length of 4,6 m and a weight of 336 kg. In our day any freshwater fish that is longer than 1.83 m and weighs 90 kg, is already considered large. According to the famous zoologist Bram, the length of the fish reaches 3 meters and a weight of 230 kg, however, according to other authoritative sources, these figures are clearly underestimated.For example, encyclopedic dictionaries claim that the length of the catfish reaches 5 metres, and an American zoologist David Wheeler in his book “Fish killer” refers to a figure of 6.3 meters. In some waters caught specimens weighing up to half a ton. Catfish live in all major rivers, lakes and reservoirs of Russia and CIS countries – from the southern borders to the Far East. Soma is also distributed in Europe – except the Nordic countries. Continue reading