The Sevastopol marine Aquarium-Museum
The Sevastopol marine Aquarium-Museum is one of the oldest public aquariums in Europe, justly ranks among the most popular attractions of Crimea. Created during the times of the Russian Empire (1897), became the first Museum of its kind in the state. The Aquarium is based at the Sevastopol biological station (SBS) is the oldest in Russia and one of the 5 most “adults” in the world. Under one roof, the Museum staff has gathered an impressive collection of marine, oceanic, riverine, terrestrial flora and fauna from all corners of the Earth.
Location: Sevastopol, Nakhimov Prospekt, 2
When built: 1897
Opening hours: summer (mid July – end August) from 9 to 19 hours without breaks and days off, winter (November – March) – 10-17 h. closed on Monday, the offseason is 10-18 hours during school holidays the Museum welcomes guests without weekend
Ticket price: adult – 400 p kids – pension 200 p – 200 p. children under 6 years – free admission
The creation of the Museum in the Crimea
The idea of establishing a large-scale aquarium filed the first SBS Director – academician A. O. Kovalevsky. For the construction of the station selected the picturesque coast of the Sevastopol Bay, the site of the former Nikolaev battery. In the SBS building for the Museum was equipped with only one room-the family SALs wall aquariums, and Central swimming pool, where he exhibited the ichthyofauna of the Black sea. Wish could go 3 days a week to visit the aquarium. Scientists of the station held meetings, gave lectures to tourists.
The Sevastopol Aquarium in wartime
War and revolution of the first decades of the twentieth century made it impossible to work SBS. Since 1920 the SBS is headed by V. N. Nikitin. The aquarium is again welcoming visitors. In 1925 the Museum was visited by almost 16 500 people. Just a couple of years, the number of visitors increased to 20,000 people. The main collection of the Museum, there were 15880 copies, of which 526 – exhibition. In 1935 ended the construction work in the North wing of the station, the Museum was expanded, built the Central part of the building appeared the fourth floor.
The development of Aquarium in the postwar period
In the summer of 1951, the Museum was reopened to the public. The audience presented the 12 wall aquariums and a Central pool, with a volume of 45 cubic meters Visitors can see 30 species of black sea animals, among them rare: monkfish and John Dory. Over the years, increased the number of tourists. The number of visitors per day in the summer of 1962 reached 4,000 people. In the early 60-ies of SBS reorganized into the Institute of biology of the Southern seas. By 1965, the Museum building was expanded and renovated Aquarium-Museum of Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas USSR Academy of Sciences invited the first guests.
Museum in modern times. What to see?
Over the years the Museum has accumulated invaluable experience in keeping marine animals, inhabitants of various classes and types in artificial conditions. Each year the number of collections replenished with new copies. In 1994 the modernization of equipment aquariums and terrariums. Modern self-contained water treatment systems help to contain tropical fish and invertebrates in artificially created conditions. These fauna are quite sensitive to the quality and composition of water. To prepare a suitable environment using special salt solutions.
The Sevastopol Aquarium-Museum is visited by over 100,000 people a year. The exhibition is presented in five rooms (900 square meters).
The first room accommodates small aquariums where visitors can see representatives of coral reefs, shrimp, small fish and invertebrates.
The second hall is divided into sections: the black sea and rain. The room accommodates 12 small wall pools (up to 7 cubic meters) and a round swimming pool (depth 2.5 m, diameter – 9 meters). The aquariums of the tropical section is equipped with an Autonomous system for the treatment/purification of water. Created suitable artificial environment where it is possible to include even tropical sharks.
In the third hall reptiles, marine and freshwater turtles, inhabitants of the Indian and Atlantic oceans. Here lives the favorite of children – the spectacled Caiman.
The fourth hall is for freshwater and reptiles. In one of the aquariums created a greenhouse with simulated ruins of an ancient temple of Cambodia.
The ichthyofauna of the World ocean are presented in the fifth hall. It was opened to the Day of the Navy in 2013. Live exhibits presented in this room, is dangerous to human life. Here you can find careplanning pelagic sharks, stonefish, electric eel, puffer fish and others. This room is equipped with 40-ton huge aquarium for sharks, 15-ton – for eels and others – to smaller predatory fish and invertebrates.
To the equipment of the aquarium Museum experts approached creatively. The scenery from acrylic plastic exactly reproduces the landscape of coral reefs. The material used is durable and safe for the inhabitants of aquariums. To keep exotic reptiles designed a comfortable heated terrariums. The scenery is made of reinforced concrete. The material allows you to create realistic imitation rock, wood etc. of all shapes and sizes. Structures made of concrete are provided with reliable corrosion protection and waterproofing. After colouring the scenery have the appearance of natural terrain. The lighting of aquariums, decoration of exhibitions, the works on creation of systems of water treatment are implemented by the specialists of the aquarium.
The rooms of the Aquarium in Sevastopol
Specialists in aquarium visiting hours are guided tours for organized groups and citizens. To arrange a tour with a group of 10-15 people. The tour lasts up to 45 minutes. The Aquarium operates a gift shop.
How to get to the Aquarium from Popovka?
Interesting You discover sea creatures! Some of them, such as: dolphins, seahorses, crabs, You can observe in the natural environment, the proximity of the Ark, and going to the beach in Popovka.