Moray is one of the most interesting and controversial fish
Long been one of the most dangerous predators of the planet was considered to be the Moray eel. In Ancient Rome there was even a method of punishment is to throw the guilty slave into a pool of Moray eels, especially predatory fish were not fed for a very long time and within two-three months accustomed to the smell of human blood. Largely because of this, the eels are considered very dangerous to humans, but it is not. Almost all attacks on people eels occur only to the human fault since many people while in the water do not care about security. You should remember that all the predators never attack on the first exceeding in size creatures.
And the Moray eel will attack a much larger enemy only in self-defense, but many divers often inadvertently stick my hand in the small caves and grottos, which are located in coral reefs, although there and live eels. Throughout the world there are about hundreds of species of these fish, varying in size.
The largest specimen of Moray – the Moray eel Gymnothorax javanicus, or as it is called the Javanese likadant. This fish can grow up to 3 meters in length, it lives in tropical or temperate waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans, along the coast of Islands in South-East Asia and Australia, as well as in the Red sea.
Even such a giant Moray eel prefers to avoid open water, usually hiding in shelters at a depth of no more than 50 meters. It weighs 30-35 pounds. Laterally compressed and covered with mucus, the body provides Muren easy penetration into caves and other natural shelters, and helps protect against mechanical damage and water parasites. The head, together with the whole upper part of the body and fins, yellow-brown and heavily studded with different sizes of dark spots, so that the body colour of eels significantly resembles the color of leopards. Hunt these huge Moray eels alone and only at night, but with a few exceptions.
Moray eels eat almost any large or small fish, as well as representatives of the families of crustaceans and cephalopods. Small fish it is easily swallowed whole, but larger drives into a crevice in the reef and there tearing it to pieces. To deal with the production help her two pairs of jaws, equipped with huge and sharp teeth. The first pair of jaws is basic, it is the same place where all the fish, but the second is in the area of the pharynx that is why it is called pharyngeal. When the Moray eel hunts and pharyngeal jaw is deep, but when approaching prey immediately extends close to the core, creating a “double trap” for victims.” The main function of the rear jaw – grinding food and pushing it into the esophagus.
Very entertaining interaction of eels with other carnivorous inhabitant of the underwater world – sea bass. Often each of them goes out to hunt alone. The Moray eel prefers to attack from ambush at night, and sea bass in the daytime on open water, hiding in the coral. However, the proportion of eels that live in the Red sea, to go hunting during the day, and even on a couple of perch, which usually is the initiator, this happens in cases when the prey is too far or close to the shelter morays. First grouper swims to Moray eels burrow and if he sees displayed outside the head mistress, that leads his head sideways in front of its nose, this action – an invitation to hunt together. If the predator agrees, perch accompanies her to the victim and, shaking his head, indicates the direction. Muren costs nothing to slip inside for prey, catch it, too, is easy. Further, the Moray periodically gives food to his companion.
How propagated by giant Moray eel we know very little. Some females gather in shallow waters, where they lay eggs that are then fertilized them males. The eggs can be spread long distances via marine currents. Newly hatched eels eat the zooplankton, as growing up they move to corals or other reef zones to escape from sharks and other predators.
Moray eels rarely eat, so directed fishing on them is not conducted. The ancient Romans highly appreciated the meat of eels for a specific taste. Currently solubili like to keep the little eels in their aquariums.