Annually blessed “Tavrida shores” for hundreds of thousands of tourists who are absorbed in only one purpose: to quickly plunge in the gentle waves of the Black sea or to throw the bait into its depths. But, unfortunately, not all coming to rest know that careless bather can lie in wait for troubles associated not only with threat of storm waves, submerged rocks and currents, great depths, but also with some representatives of marine fauna, which may cause harm to the health.
What you need to know about the dangerous inhabitants of the black sea depths?
One of the potentially dangerous creatures can bite on your hook just a few metres from the shore. If you get out of the water wicked-looking brownish fish with a length of 10-20 cm, whose head with big bleary eyes covered with spikes and spines, and spotted the back is crowned with the same barbed fin, know that it is a marine fish or the Scorpion ( Scorpaena porcus ) . He lives usually on rocky ground, clogging under large rocks and in crevices of rocks, where waiting for prey – smaller fish. Pick up ruff unsafe, because the dorsal and Gill spines its poisonous, prick them brings about a short-term, but rather pain, dizziness, and weakness. Therefore, to remove ruff with Kruchinina very carefully, and when you cook it from your ear (and it turns out excellent!), you must remove all the thorns.
Sometimes desert shallow water with a sandy bottom can be found big (half a meter) fish, which has a flattened, diamond shaped body, ending with a long, thin tail. This Stingray or the marine cat ( Dasyatis pastinaca) . At the end of his tail is white bone spike with a lot of small poisonous chipping. If you accidentally step in the water the peacefully lying on the sand of the ramp, then he can hit the hapless swimmer in the leg with his spike and cause ragged, painful, and long healing wounds. Continue reading
Over the past Millennium has developed this unique shape of the Black sea. This is the most fresh sea, with the lowest content of salt in sea water, the gentle sea-to-person around the globe!
The black sea is the most Northern subtropics in the world . the amazing beauty of the southern nature. It walks under the shade of palm and eucalyptus trees. It’s the heady aroma of blooming magnolias and meadow grasses. The Mediterranean sea brought the most modern inhabitants of the Black sea . The few remaining survivors of the disaster relict freshwater species, including the famous Azov-black sea sturgeon . took refuge in the river deltas of the black sea region .
The flora of the Black sea
The flora of the Black sea includes 270 species of multicellular green, brown, red benthic algae (Cystoseira, Phyllophora, zoster, kladofora, Ulva, enteromorpha, etc.).
In the composition of phytoplankton in the Black sea — not less than six hundred species. Among them, dinoflagellates — loricate flagellates (prorocentrum micans, ceratium furca, small scripsiella Scrippsiella trochoidea, etc.), dinoflagellates (dinophysis, protoperidinium, alexandrium), various diatoms, etc.
The fauna of the Blacksea
The fauna of the Black sea is markedly poorer than the Mediterranean sea . In the Black sea is home to 2.5 million species of animals (including 500 single-celled species, 160 species of vertebrates — fish, mammals, 500 species of crustaceans, 200 species of mollusks, and the rest — invertebrates of different species), for comparison, in the Mediterranean — about 9 thousand species. Continue reading
The Carp Family (Cyprinidae).
Gold, or Chinese, crucian carp (Carassius auratus) found in the wild in Korea, China and Japan. This crucian carp in nature has a Golden hue, especially in shallow, well warmed by the sun waters.
Of all aquarium fish, goldfish have the longest history. Goldfish, a domesticated form of the Golden carp was first bred in China over 1500 years ago, where these, taking advantage of the variability of carp in coloration and in the shape of the body, engaged in the culture of ornamental carp. Goldfish bred in garden ponds and reservoirs in the estates of the nobility and wealthy people. It was the first time goldfish imported in the mid-eighteenth century. Currently widespread many varieties of goldfish.
Main color of body and fins reddish-Golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of coloring: pale pink, red, white, black, black-blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red. The body of a gold fish is elongated, slightly compressed laterally. In ponds goldfish can grow up to 35 cm, but in a normal aquarium its size is much smaller. To distinguish males from females only during the spawning season. Then the female has a rounded abdomen while the males on the thoracic gills Plavnieki there are a white “rash”. Continue reading
Som is a well – known food fish, which predator. Fish can have different sizes, the largest catfish reach a weight of 300 kg and five meters in length.
History and geography of the product
Catfish inhabits a variety of waters all over the world. The main habitat of this fish is the rivers and lakes of Europe. To the East where there are catfish, confined to the Rhine, to the North – South border of Finland. South of Europe catfish lives everywhere, it occurs in Asia Minor, in the waters of the inland seas – the Aral and the Caspian. All the rivers that flow into them, is also rich in this fish. Catfish can be found also in Africa and America.
Catfish are not indigenous to Siberia, because it’s too cold. Also, if we talk about the European part of Eurasia, it is possible to note the absence of this fish in Italy, France, England and West Germany.
Som is an important target species, but not always. Our ancestors didn’t hunt catfish and even at random its production did not use the fish as food. The fact that som was considered a fish that is water. In folk tales it is som brought water people drowned, tore nets, broke through dams and created all sorts of minor and major mischief to the human race. Still preserved the old name soma, he was called a fucking horse . Continue reading
The Sevastopol marine Aquarium-Museum is one of the oldest public aquariums in Europe, justly ranks among the most popular attractions of Crimea. Created during the times of the Russian Empire (1897), became the first Museum of its kind in the state. The Aquarium is based at the Sevastopol biological station (SBS) is the oldest in Russia and one of the 5 most “adults” in the world. Under one roof, the Museum staff has gathered an impressive collection of marine, oceanic, riverine, terrestrial flora and fauna from all corners of the Earth.
Location: Sevastopol, Nakhimov Prospekt, 2
When built: 1897
Opening hours: summer (mid July – end August) from 9 to 19 hours without breaks and days off, winter (November – March) – 10-17 h. closed on Monday, the offseason is 10-18 hours during school holidays the Museum welcomes guests without weekend
Ticket price: adult – 400 p kids – pension 200 p – 200 p. children under 6 years – free admission
The creation of the Museum in the Crimea
The idea of establishing a large-scale aquarium filed the first SBS Director – academician A. O. Kovalevsky. For the construction of the station selected the picturesque coast of the Sevastopol Bay, the site of the former Nikolaev battery. In the SBS building for the Museum was equipped with only one room-the family SALs wall aquariums, and Central swimming pool, where he exhibited the ichthyofauna of the Black sea. Wish could go 3 days a week to visit the aquarium. Scientists of the station held meetings, gave lectures to tourists. Continue reading