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Dangerous sea creatures

Rear Admiral Viktor Dygalo Ananiyovich — a man who was born by the sea, and then gave him most of his life. In 1944, eighteen-year-old boy, he participated in the fighting at the ships of the black sea fleet, in 1945 — the Victory Parade. Then there were twenty years of service on submarines, command of a division, composed tragically died in March 1968 at the Hawaiian Islands missile submarine K-129.

Experienced sailor extensively in the seas and oceans, visited ports in Indonesia, Malaysia, Africa and Europe, twice crossed the equator. He watched not only marine animals in the open ocean, but in the gigantic aquariums in Singapore and Suez.

Knowledge of the underwater world and the impressions reflected in the article about those ocean creatures that should be feared.

Candidate of naval Sciences, Professor V. DYGALO.

When people talk about the dangers hidden in the ocean, people think of sharks. The mere mention of them evokes fear, before my eyes immediately gets the image of a giant shark from the famous American movie “Jaws” filmed in the early 1970s, based on the novel by Peter Benchley.

Actually shark, includedirectory species, and a total of more than 250, do not attack people. Just behave and other toothy predators of the sea-giants. But we are not talking about them.

Most dangerous marine animals found among small, often inconspicuous or, conversely, very bright and colorful marine life. These completely harmless looking creatures produce the strongest, sometimes deadly poisons. Scientists count about 500 species of poisonous fishes, 93 species of venomous coelenterates animals, 91 species of mollusks, and 26 species of echinoderms. But do not succumb to fear. Poisonous marine animals affect humans, usually in self-defence when he disturbed or careless movement will hurt them.

One of the most toxic and also the ugliest of marine animals — fish-stone. It is also called bugorkami or borodavchenko. This creature with a total length of 15-20 centimeters, with an ugly big head, small eyes and a large mouth with prominent lower jaw forward. Naked, without scales, brownish-brown, sometimes with pale spots and stripes, the body of the fish-stone is covered with bumps and warts, and the dorsal fin stick out the hard poisonous spines. Usually verrucosa hiding among the coral, under rocks, buries itself in mud or sand and may remain on the shore in pools after a flood. She looks like a stone chip and painted inconspicuously, so to see her is almost impossible. If a person steps on a stonefish or accidentally touch her, she will stab him with a spiked fins, which are poisonous glands. The venom of borodavchenko extremely dangerous. There are known cases when people died within a few hours and even minutes after the shot its poisonous thorns.

The stonefish is found in the Red sea, Indian ocean, Pacific Islands and Northern Australia, whose inhabitants call it warty vampire. People who are fortunate enough to experience a twinge of borodavchenko, often remain disabled, because its venom destroys red blood cells and attacks the Central nervous system. Unlike fish stone, masters camouflage, Zebra fish or lionfish, has a highly visible appearance. The body length of 30-40 cm are painted with bright pink stripes. The main decoration lionfish — long ribbon dorsal and pectoral fins. They remind the fan of ostrich feathers or a lion’s mane. Hence another name for lionfish lion fish. But perhaps the most apt her nickname — fish-Turkey. When she is moving slowly, revealing a lace fan pectoral and caudal fins, and indeed resembles it is important procession through the poultry yard turkeys. It is in these luxurious fins lurk sharp poisonous needles. The shot of the lionfish, as borodavchenko, causes severe pain, from which people lose consciousness or fall into a state of shock.

It is believed that Zebra fish is able to kill a man, but such cases are not on record in any of the places where it lives (in the coastal waters of the red sea, the Indian ocean and in the Pacific ocean off the coast of China, Japan and Australia). To approach the lionfish is dangerous, especially on the side. Reacting to the changing situation, she turns to the troublemakers dorsal fin, with lightning speed to strike him with a poisonous injection. Poisoning by venom of the lionfish is very hard: it is accompanied by convulsions, cardiovascular dysfunction, it happens that at the puncture site develops gangrene. Poisonous sea dragon beware the fishermen since ancient times. Shot his spines located on the dorsal fin and along the Gill slits, is no less painful and dangerous than the prick fish-Zebra. It can cause breathing problems, convulsions and even lead to heart failure. Dorsal spines from dragon is from five to seven, each of them covered with a thin layer of skin, the tip of the spike sticking out of her like a needle. Dragon found off the coast of Norway and the British Isles and further South to the Mediterranean and the North African coast. Poisonous spines sting their prey and the stingrays are known under the name of sea cat. According to statistics, in the U.S. only from their injections annually affects about 1,500 people. This happens not because the stingrays are particularly aggressive, they just have chosen to stay on the coastal waters of great waters, from the countries of Northern Europe and North America to the middle latitudes of the southern hemisphere, and there is almost always a lot of swimmers and fishermen.

Weapon sea cat — one or more sharp spines located on the tail end of plateuing. Even the small half-meter of rays inhabiting the coastal waters of the Atlantic ocean, the length of the caudal spike is 20 cm, and 3-4-metre-high ramps on the tail thickness in the human foot is 30 cm of the spike. Scat is able to strike with such force that can break tail spike the bottom of the boat.