Dangerous inhabitants of the Black sea
Annually blessed “Tavrida shores” for hundreds of thousands of tourists who are absorbed in only one purpose: to quickly plunge in the gentle waves of the Black sea or to throw the bait into its depths. But, unfortunately, not all coming to rest know that careless bather can lie in wait for troubles associated not only with threat of storm waves, submerged rocks and currents, great depths, but also with some representatives of marine fauna, which may cause harm to the health.
What you need to know about the dangerous inhabitants of the black sea depths?
One of the potentially dangerous creatures can bite on your hook just a few metres from the shore. If you get out of the water wicked-looking brownish fish with a length of 10-20 cm, whose head with big bleary eyes covered with spikes and spines, and spotted the back is crowned with the same barbed fin, know that it is a marine fish or the Scorpion ( Scorpaena porcus ) . He lives usually on rocky ground, clogging under large rocks and in crevices of rocks, where waiting for prey – smaller fish. Pick up ruff unsafe, because the dorsal and Gill spines its poisonous, prick them brings about a short-term, but rather pain, dizziness, and weakness. Therefore, to remove ruff with Kruchinina very carefully, and when you cook it from your ear (and it turns out excellent!), you must remove all the thorns.
Sometimes desert shallow water with a sandy bottom can be found big (half a meter) fish, which has a flattened, diamond shaped body, ending with a long, thin tail. This Stingray or the marine cat ( Dasyatis pastinaca) . At the end of his tail is white bone spike with a lot of small poisonous chipping. If you accidentally step in the water the peacefully lying on the sand of the ramp, then he can hit the hapless swimmer in the leg with his spike and cause ragged, painful, and long healing wounds. The injury is accompanied with vomit, palpitations, muscle paralysis. In rare cases, death can occur. That’s one of the first literary mention of the scat-rays, encountered off the coast of Crimea, which left the famous traveler P. Sumarokov in 1803: “the sea notes sea worthy cats, armed on the tail of an inch in three sharp two-edged small and skillful saw that they were approaching people cause deep wounds to the bone, why recently several soldiers left mutilated in retirement. “.
But neither the Scorpion nor the sea cat is not present such danger to humans, as inconspicuous brownish-yellow fish, called the weeverfish ( Trachinus draco) . She, too, can get caught on the hook of an inexperienced fisherman. From the first look to be known to all sea-calf, with the only difference that on the back of the dragon is the fin spines which are highly poisonous. This is the most dangerous fish of the Black sea, the prick of its thorns, is the equivalent of a snake bite. Sea dragon inhabits the sandy bottom and often burrow into the sand, exposing on the surface of the ground only the eyes. Its poison is so strong that in humans, death can occur. In mild cases it causes severe swelling of the affected limb, severe pain, high fever.
However, the Scorpion, Stingray and weeverfish, though, and pose a hazard are rare. They will never be where many people bathed, and, as a rule, try to avoid contact with people.
Quite another matter – the jellyfish. There is hardly a person who, being at sea, would not see the jellyfish. In the Black sea occurs, two kinds of them: Aurelia and kornerot. Aurelia (Aurelia aurita) has a flat shape umbrella with a diameter of 10 – 20 cm along the edges of which there are numerous filiform tentacles. Kornerot (Rhizostoma pulmo) larger jellyfish diameter dome to 40 – 50 cm which leaves 8 large spines. Interestingly, one of the first scientists dedicated their works to the Crimea – K. I. Publicly – in his book “Physical description of the Taurian region”, published in 1785, mentions the black sea jellyfish, how about plants: “Water this plant. consists of white, transparent, oscillating like a jelly substance. The outline looks like Oboroceanu the bowl in the middle and at the top it has a thick stem”. Jellyfish Aurelia he called “sea heart”, and kornerot – “marine fat”.
Medusa hiding in his jelly-like body, stinging cells – nematocide that produce venom. From touching the tentacles of a jellyfish person receives burns as from nettles, traces remain in the body up to several hours. Most strongly affects the most sensitive places: neck, face, back of the hands and feet. The victim as soon as possible to get out of the water. This is especially true of children, Allergy sufferers, seniors and people who have problems with the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. On the Bank of the burn need a quick rinse to neutralize the poison. To wash fit: deep sea water, soda solution, ammonia, alcoholic beverage, vinegar or acidic (such as lemon) water, you can squeeze on the burn the tomato juice. Then the burn need to cover up from the sunlight that skin quickly calmed down. Because black sea jellyfish pose no danger to human life, these measures will be enough.
Children often ask – do crabs bite? No, do not bite, but claws plucked pretty badly, but only when we ourselves try to grab them. Large herbal or stone crabs can pinch your finger very painful. If the crab still grabbed you, don’t pull it, trying to break free. The claw he still will not release, but want to take it easy, the crabs lose their limbs as the lizard – its tail. It is better to lower your hand into the water and a crab will quickly unhooked himself.
All other animals, inhabiting the Black sea pose no danger to life and health. So swim for health, Nites under the warm Crimean sun, breathe in the healing power of the black sea breeze – and you will never regret about time spent here – in miniature earthly Paradise with a sonorous name of Crimea.